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    Chile Geography - 2003

      Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru

      Geographic coordinates: 30 00 S, 71 00 W

      Map references: South America

      Area: total: 756,950 sq km
      land: 748,800 sq km
      note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
      water: 8,150 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana

      Land boundaries: total: 6,171 km
      border countries: Argentina 5,150 km, Bolivia 861 km, Peru 160 km

      Coastline: 6,435 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200/350 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate: temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south

      Terrain: low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m

      Natural resources: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 2.65%
      permanent crops: 0.42%
      other: 96.93% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 18,000 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues: widespread deforestation and mining threaten natural resources; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert is one of world's driest regions

      NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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