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    Christmas Island Geography - 2003

      Location: Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates: 10 30 S, 105 40 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      Area: total: 135 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 135 sq km

      Area - comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 80 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 12 NM
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds

      Terrain: steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Murray Hill 361 m

      Natural resources: phosphate, beaches

      Land use: arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100%
      note: mainly tropical rainforest; 63% of the island is a national park (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Christmas Island on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Christmas Island Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)