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    Congo, Republic of the Geography - 2003

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon

      Geographic coordinates: 1 00 S, 15 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 342,000 sq km
      water: 500 sq km
      land: 341,500 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Montana

      Land boundaries: total: 5,504 km
      border countries: Angola 201 km, Cameroon 523 km, Central African Republic 467 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Gabon 1,903 km

      Coastline: 169 km

      Maritime claims: territorial sea: 200 NM

      Climate: tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); constantly high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator

      Terrain: coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Berongou 903 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, natural gas, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 0.5%
      permanent crops: 0.13%
      other: 99.37% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: seasonal flooding

      Environment - current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage; tap water is not potable; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: about 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them

      NOTE: The information regarding Congo, Republic of the on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Congo, Republic of the Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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