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    Djibouti Geography - 2003

      Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia

      Geographic coordinates: 11 30 N, 43 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 23,000 sq km
      water: 20 sq km
      land: 22,980 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

      Land boundaries: total: 516 km
      border countries: Eritrea 109 km, Ethiopia 349 km, Somalia 58 km

      Coastline: 314 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: desert; torrid, dry

      Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
      highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m

      Natural resources: geothermal areas

      Land use: arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods

      Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; limited arable land; desertification; endangered species

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point in Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Djibouti on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Djibouti Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)