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    Ecuador Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/ecuador/ecuador_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru


      Geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 77 30 W


      Map references: South America


      Area: total: 283,560 sq km
      note: includes Galapagos Islands
      water: 6,720 sq km
      land: 276,840 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Nevada


      Land boundaries: total: 2,010 km
      border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km


      Coastline: 2,237 km


      Maritime claims: continental shelf: claims continental shelf between mainland and Galapagos Islands
      territorial sea: 200 NM


      Climate: tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands


      Terrain: coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m


      Natural resources: petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower


      Land use: arable land: 5.69%
      permanent crops: 5.15%
      other: 89.16% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 8,650 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; floods; periodic droughts


      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes in ecologically sensitive areas of the Galapagos Islands


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


      Geography - note: Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world


      NOTE: The information regarding Ecuador on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ecuador Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.



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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/ecuador/ecuador_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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