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    Eritrea Geography - 2003

      Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan

      Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 39 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 121,320 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 121,320 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries: total: 1,626 km
      border countries: Djibouti 109 km, Ethiopia 912 km, Sudan 605 km

      Coastline: 2,234 km total; mainland on Red Sea 1,151 km, islands in Red Sea 1,083 km

      Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually); semiarid in western hills and lowlands; rainfall heaviest during June-September except in coastal desert

      Terrain: dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: near Kulul within the Denakil depression -75 m
      highest point: Soira 3,018 m

      Natural resources: gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

      Land use: arable land: 3.87%
      permanent crops: 0.02%
      other: 96.11% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 220 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: frequent droughts; locust swarms

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; desertification; soil erosion; overgrazing; loss of infrastructure from civil warfare

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes; Eritrea retained the entire coastline of Ethiopia along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993

      NOTE: The information regarding Eritrea on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Eritrea Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)