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    Gambia, The Geography - 2003

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

      Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 16 34 W

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 11,300 sq km
      land: 10,000 sq km
      water: 1,300 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Delaware

      Land boundaries: total: 740 km
      border countries: Senegal 740 km

      Coastline: 80 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 18 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: not specified
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM

      Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)

      Terrain: flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 53 m

      Natural resources: fish

      Land use: arable land: 19.5%
      permanent crops: 0.5%
      other: 80% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years)

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Gambia, The on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gambia, The Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)