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    Germany Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/germany/germany_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark


      Geographic coordinates: 51 00 N, 9 00 E


      Map references: Europe


      Area: total: 357,021 sq km
      water: 7,798 sq km
      land: 349,223 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Montana


      Land boundaries: total: 3,621 km
      border countries: Austria 784 km, Belgium 167 km, Czech Republic 646 km, Denmark 68 km, France 451 km, Luxembourg 138 km, Netherlands 577 km, Poland 456 km, Switzerland 334 km


      Coastline: 2,389 km


      Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM


      Climate: temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm foehn wind


      Terrain: lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m
      highest point: Zugspitze 2,963 m


      Natural resources: iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, uranium, copper, natural gas, salt, nickel, arable land


      Land use: arable land: 33.88%
      permanent crops: 0.65%
      other: 65.47% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 4,850 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: flooding


      Environment - current issues: emissions from coal-burning utilities and industries contribute to air pollution; acid rain, resulting from sulfur dioxide emissions, is damaging forests; pollution in the Baltic Sea from raw sewage and industrial effluents from rivers in eastern Germany; hazardous waste disposal; government established a mechanism for ending the use of nuclear power over the next 15 years; government working to meet EU commitment to identify nature preservation areas in line with the EU's Flora, Fauna, and Habitat directive


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol


      Geography - note: strategic location on North European Plain and along the entrance to the Baltic Sea


      NOTE: The information regarding Germany on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Germany Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/germany/germany_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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