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    India Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/india/india_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      See also an article about India's developing economy from The New York Times)

      Economy - overview: India's economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of support services. Overpopulation severely handicaps the economy and about a quarter of the population is too poor to be able to afford an adequate diet. Government controls have been reduced on imports and foreign investment, and privatization of domestic output has proceeded slowly. The economy has posted an excellent average growth rate of 6% since 1990, reducing poverty by about 10 percentage points. India has large numbers of well-educated people skilled in the English language; India is a major exporter of software services and software workers. The severe monsoon of mid-2002 has reduced agricultural output by perhaps 3%. The World Bank and others worry about the continuing public-sector budget deficit, running at approximately 10% of GDP in 1997-2002.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $2.66 trillion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 4.3% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,540 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 25%
      industry: 25%
      services: 50% (2002 est.)


      Population below poverty line: 25% (2002 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.5%
      highest 10%: 33.5% (1997)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 37.8 (1997)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.4% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 406 million (1999)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 60%, services 23%, industry 17% (1999)


      Unemployment rate: 8.8% (2002)


      Budget: revenues: $48.3 billion
      expenditures: $78.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $13.5 billion (FY01/02 est.)


      Industries: textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software


      Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2002 est.)


      Electricity - production: 533.3 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 81.7%
      hydro: 14.5%
      other: 0.4% (2001)
      nuclear: 3.4%


      Electricity - consumption: 497.2 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 321 million kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 1.54 billion kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 732,400 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 2.13 million bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Oil - proved reserves: 4.33 billion bbl (January 2002 est.)


      Natural gas - proved reserves: 542.4 billion cu m (January 2002 est.)


      Agriculture - products: rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish


      Exports: $44.5 billion f.o.b. (2001)


      Exports - commodities: textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures


      Exports - partners: US 20.9%, UK 5.2%, Germany 4.3%, Japan 4.0%, Benelux 3.3% (2000)


      Imports: $53.8 billion f.o.b. (2001)


      Imports - commodities: crude oil, machinery, gems, fertilizer, chemicals


      Imports - partners: UK 6.3%, US 6.0%, Belgium 5.7%, Japan 3.5%, Germany 3.5% (2000)


      Debt - external: $100.6 billion (2001 est.)


      Economic aid - recipient: $2.9 billion (FY98)


      Currency: Indian rupee (INR)


      Currency code: INR


      Exchange rates: Indian rupees per US dollar - 48.6103 (2002), 47.1864 (2001), 44.9416 (2000), 43.0554 (1999), 41.2594 (1998)


      Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March


      NOTE: The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/india/india_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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