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    Japan Government - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/japan/japan_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Japan


      Government type: constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government


      Capital: Tokyo


      Administrative divisions: 47 prefectures; Aichi, Akita, Aomori, Chiba, Ehime, Fukui, Fukuoka, Fukushima, Gifu, Gumma, Hiroshima, Hokkaido, Hyogo, Ibaraki, Ishikawa, Iwate, Kagawa, Kagoshima, Kanagawa, Kochi, Kumamoto, Kyoto, Mie, Miyagi, Miyazaki, Nagano, Nagasaki, Nara, Niigata, Oita, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka, Saga, Saitama, Shiga, Shimane, Shizuoka, Tochigi, Tokushima, Tokyo, Tottori, Toyama, Wakayama, Yamagata, Yamaguchi, Yamanashi


      Independence: 660 BC (traditional founding by Emperor Jimmu)


      National holiday: Birthday of Emperor AKIHITO, 23 December (1933)


      Constitution: 3 May 1947


      Legal system: modeled after European civil law system with English-American influence; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations


      Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal


      Executive branch: chief of state: Emperor AKIHITO (since 7 January 1989)
      note: following the resignation of Prime Minister Yoshiro MORI, Junichiro KOIZUMI was elected as the new president of the majority Liberal Democratic Party and soon thereafter designated by the Diet to become the next prime minister
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the Diet designates the prime minister; the constitution requires that the prime minister must command a parliamentary majority; therefore, following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition in the House of Representatives usually becomes prime minister
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
      head of government: Prime Minister Junichiro KOIZUMI (since 26 April 2001)


      Legislative branch: bicameral Diet or Kokkai consists of the House of Councillors or Sangi-in (247 seats - members elected for six-year terms; half reelected every three years; 149 members in multi-seat constituencies and 98 by proportional representation); House of Representatives or Shugi-in (480 seats - members elected for four-year terms; 300 in single-seat constituencies; 180 members by proportional representation in 11 regional blocs)
      election results: House of Councillors - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - LDP 110, DPJ 59, Komeito 23, JCP 20, SDP 8, Liberal Party 8, Conservative Party 5, independents 14; note - the distribution of seats as of July 2001 was: LDP 115, DPJ 60, Komeito 24, JCP 20, SDP 8, Liberal Party 8, independents 6, others 6; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - LDP 233, DPJ 127, Komeito 31, Liberal Party 22, JCP 20, SDP 19, other 28; note - the distribution of seats as of June 2000 was: LDP 242, DPJ 126, Komeito 31, Liberal Party 22, JCP 20, SDP 19, NCP 7, other 13
      elections: House of Councillors - last held 29 July 2001 (next to be held NA July 2004); House of Representatives - last held 25 June 2000 (next must be held by June 2004 but may occur sooner)


      Judicial branch: Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the monarch after designation by the cabinet; all other justices are appointed by the cabinet)


      Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party of Japan or DPJ [Yukio HATOYAMA, leader; Naoto KAN, secretary general]; Japan Communist Party or JCP [Tetsuzo FUWA, chairman; Tadayeshi ICHIDA, secretary general]; Komeito [Takenori KANZAKI, president; Tetsuzo FUYUSHIBA, secretary general]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Junichiro KOIZUMI, president; Taku YAMASAKI, secretary general]; Liberal Party [Ichiro OZAWA, president; Hirohisa FUJII, secretary general]; New Conservative Party or NCP [Hiroshi KUMAGI, president; Toshihiro NIKAI, secretary general]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Takako DOI, chairperson; Mizuho FUKUSHIMA, secretary general]


      Political pressure groups and leaders: NA


      International organization participation: ABEDA, AfDB, APEC, ARF (dialogue partner), AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, CE (observer), CERN (observer), CP, EBRD, ESCAP, FAO, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMISET, UNMOVIC, UNRWA, UNU, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC


      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Ryozo KATO
      FAX: [1] (202) 328-2187
      consulate(s): Saipan (Northern Mariana Islands)
      consulate(s) general: Anchorage, Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Denver, Detroit, Hagatna (Guam), Honolulu, Houston, Kansas City (Missouri), Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Portland (Oregon), San Francisco, and Seattle
      chancery: 2520 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 238-6700


      Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Howard H. BAKER, Jr.
      embassy: 1-10-5 Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-8420
      mailing address: Unit 45004, Box 205, APO AP 96337-5004
      telephone: [81] (03) 3224-5000
      FAX: [81] (03) 3505-1862
      consulate(s) general: Naha (Okinawa), Osaka-Kobe, Sapporo
      consulate(s): Fukuoka, Nagoya


      Flag description: white with a large red disk (representing the sun without rays) in the center


      NOTE: The information regarding Japan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Japan Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/japan/japan_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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