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    Jordan Geography - 2003

      Location: Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia

      Geographic coordinates: 31 00 N, 36 00 E

      Map references: Middle East

      Area: total: 92,300 sq km
      water: 329 sq km
      land: 91,971 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

      Land boundaries: total: 1,635 km
      border countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km

      Coastline: 26 km

      Maritime claims: territorial sea: 3 NM

      Climate: mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

      Terrain: mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
      highest point: Jabal Ram 1,734 m

      Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil

      Land use: arable land: 2.87%
      permanent crops: 1.52%
      other: 95.61% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 750 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: droughts; periodic earthquakes

      Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border with Israel and the occupied West Bank

      NOTE: The information regarding Jordan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Jordan Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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