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    Kazakhstan Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/kazakhstan/kazakhstan_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Central Asia, northwest of China; a small portion west of the Ural River in eastern-most Europe


      Geographic coordinates: 48 00 N, 68 00 E


      Map references: Asia


      Area: total: 2,717,300 sq km
      water: 47,500 sq km
      land: 2,669,800 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly less than four times the size of Texas


      Land boundaries: total: 12,012 km
      border countries: China 1,533 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,051 km, Russia 6,846 km, Turkmenistan 379 km, Uzbekistan 2,203 km


      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked); note - Kazakhstan borders the Aral Sea, now split into two bodies of water (1,070 km), and the Caspian Sea (1,894 km)


      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)


      Climate: continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid


      Terrain: extends from the Volga to the Altai Mountains and from the plains in western Siberia to oases and desert in Central Asia


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Vpadina Kaundy -132 m
      highest point: Khan Tangiri Shyngy (Pik Khan-Tengri) 6,995 m


      Natural resources: major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium


      Land use: arable land: 11.23%
      permanent crops: 0.05%
      other: 88.72% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 23,320 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: earthquakes in the south, mudslides around Almaty


      Environment - current issues: radioactive or toxic chemical sites associated with its former defense industries and test ranges throughout the country pose health risks for humans and animals; industrial pollution is severe in some cities; because the two main rivers which flowed into the Aral Sea have been diverted for irrigation, it is drying up and leaving behind a harmful layer of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then picked up by the wind and blown into noxious dust storms; pollution in the Caspian Sea; soil pollution from overuse of agricultural chemicals and salination from poor infrastructure and wasteful irrigation practices


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol


      Geography - note: landlocked; Russia leases approximately 6,000 sq km of territory enclosing the Baykonur Cosmodrome


      NOTE: The information regarding Kazakhstan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kazakhstan Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/kazakhstan/kazakhstan_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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