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    Kiribati Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/kiribati/kiribati_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 January 1995, Kiribati proclaimed that all of its territory lies in the same time zone as its Gilbert Islands group (GMT +12) even though the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands under its jurisdiction lie on the other side of the International Date Line


      Geographic coordinates: 1 25 N, 173 00 E


      Map references: Oceania


      Area: total: 811 sq km
      note: includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 811 sq km


      Area - comparative: four times the size of Washington, DC


      Land boundaries: 0 km


      Coastline: 1,143 km


      Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM


      Climate: tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds


      Terrain: mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Banaba 81 m


      Natural resources: phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)


      Land use: arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 50.68%
      other: 49.32% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: NA sq km


      Natural hazards: typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes in sea level


      Environment - current issues: heavy pollution in lagoon of south Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration mixed with traditional practices such as lagoon latrines and open-pit dumping; ground water at risk


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


      Geography - note: 21 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia, and Nauru


      NOTE: The information regarding Kiribati on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kiribati Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/kiribati/kiribati_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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