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    Kyrgyzstan Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/kyrgyzstan/kyrgyzstan_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Kyrgyzstan is a small, poor, mountainous country with a predominantly agricultural economy. Cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat are the main agricultural products, although only tobacco and cotton are exported in any quantity. Industrial exports include gold, mercury, uranium, and natural gas and electricity. Kyrgyzstan has been fairly progressive in carrying out market reforms, such as an improved regulatory system and land reform. Kyrgyzstan was the first CIS country to be accepted into the World Trade Organization. With fits and starts, inflation has been lowered to an estimated 7% in 2001 and to 2.1% in 2002. Much of the government's stock in enterprises has been sold. Drops in production had been severe after the breakup of the Soviet Union in December 1991, but by mid-1995 production began to recover and exports began to increase. Growth was held down to 2.1% in 1998 largely because of the spillover from Russia's economic difficulties, but moved ahead to 3.6% in 1999, 5% in 2000, and 5% again in 2001. The drop in output at the Kumtor gold mine sparked a 0.5% decline in GDP in 2002. Poverty indicators are no better in 2002 than in 1996. On the positive side, the government and the international financial institutions have embarked on a comprehensive medium-term poverty reduction and economic growth strategy. Further restructuring of domestic industry and success in attracting foreign investment are keys to future growth.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $13.5 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: -0.5% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,800 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 35%
      industry: 25%
      services: 40% (2002 est.)


      Population below poverty line: 55% (2001 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.2%
      highest 10%: 27.7% (1999)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 34.6 (1999)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.1% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 2.7 million (2000)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 55%, industry 15%, services 30% (2000 est.)


      Unemployment rate: 7.2% (1999 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $207.4 million
      expenditures: $238.7 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)


      Industries: small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals


      Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2000 est.)


      Electricity - production: 13.45 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 7.6%
      hydro: 92.4%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 10.46 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 2.25 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 200 million kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 2,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 20,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Agriculture - products: tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries; sheep, goats, cattle, wool


      Exports: $488 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Exports - commodities: cotton, wool, meat, tobacco; gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, hydropower; machinery; shoes


      Exports - partners: Switzerland 20.3%, Russia 16.4%, China 8.4%, Kazakhstan 7.5%, US 7.4% (2002)


      Imports: $587 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Imports - commodities: oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs


      Imports - partners: Kazakhstan 21.1%, Russia 19.9%, Uzbekistan 10.2%, China 10.1%, US 8.1% (2002)


      Debt - external: $1.5 billion (2002 est.)


      Economic aid - recipient: $50 million from the US (2001)


      Currency: Kyrgyzstani som (KGS)


      Currency code: KGS


      Exchange rates: soms per US dollar - 46.9371 (2002), 48.378 (2001), 47.7038 (2000), 39.0077 (1999), 20.8376 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Kyrgyzstan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kyrgyzstan Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/kyrgyzstan/kyrgyzstan_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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