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    Lebanon Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/lebanon/lebanon_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria


      Geographic coordinates: 33 50 N, 35 50 E


      Map references: Middle East


      Area: total: 10,400 sq km
      water: 170 sq km
      land: 10,230 sq km


      Area - comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut


      Land boundaries: total: 454 km
      border countries: Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km


      Coastline: 225 km


      Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 NM


      Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows


      Terrain: narrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Qurnat as Sawda' 3,088 m


      Natural resources: limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land


      Land use: arable land: 17.6%
      permanent crops: 12.51%
      other: 69.89% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 1,200 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: dust storms, sandstorms


      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation


      Geography - note: Nahr el Litani only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity


      NOTE: The information regarding Lebanon on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lebanon Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.



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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/lebanon/lebanon_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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