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    Libya Government - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/libya/libya_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
      conventional short form: Libya
      local short form: none
      local long form: Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma


      Government type: Jamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in fact, a military dictatorship


      Capital: Tripoli


      Administrative divisions: 25 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ajdabiya, Al 'Aziziyah, Al Fatih, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jufrah, Al Khums, Al Kufrah, An Nuqat al Khams, Ash Shati', Awbari, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Darnah, Ghadamis, Gharyan, Misratah, Murzuq, Sabha, Sawfajjin, Surt, Tarabulus, Tarhunah, Tubruq, Yafran, Zlitan; note - the 25 municipalities may have been replaced by 13 regions


      Independence: 24 December 1951 (from Italy)


      National holiday: Revolution Day, 1 September (1969)


      Constitution: 11 December 1969, amended 2 March 1977


      Legal system: based on Italian civil law system and Islamic law; separate religious courts; no constitutional provision for judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory


      Executive branch: chief of state: Revolutionary Leader Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI (since 1 September 1969); note - holds no official title, but is de facto chief of state
      elections: national elections are indirect through a hierarchy of people's committees; head of government elected by the General People's Congress; election last held 2 March 2000 (next to be held NA)
      election results: Mubarak al-SHAMEKH elected premier; percent of General People's Congress vote - NA%
      cabinet: General People's Committee established by the General People's Congress
      head of government: Secretary of the General People's Committee (Premier) Mubarak al-SHAMEKH (since 2 March 2000)


      Legislative branch: unicameral General People's Congress (NA seats; members elected indirectly through a hierarchy of people's committees)


      Judicial branch: Supreme Court


      Political parties and leaders: none


      Political pressure groups and leaders: various Arab nationalist movements with almost negligible memberships may be functioning clandestinely, as well as some Islamic elements


      International organization participation: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CAEU, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OAU, OIC, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO


      Diplomatic representation in the US: Libya does not have an embassy in the US


      Diplomatic representation from the US: the US suspended all embassy activities in Tripoli on 2 May 1980


      Flag description: plain green; green is the traditional color of Islam (the state religion)


      NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/libya/libya_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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