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    Lithuania Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/lithuania/lithuania_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Lithuania, the Baltic state that has conducted the most trade with Russia, has slowly rebounded from the 1998 Russian financial crisis. Unemployment remains high, still 12% in 2002, but is improving. Growing domestic consumption and increased investment have furthered recovery. Trade has been increasingly oriented toward the West. Lithuania has gained membership in the World Trade Organization and has moved ahead with plans to join the EU. Privatization of the large, state-owned utilities, particularly in the energy sector, is nearing completion. Overall, more than 80% of enterprises have been privatized. Foreign government and business support have helped in the transition from the old command economy to a market economy.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $29.2 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 6.7% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $8,400 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8%
      industry: 31%
      services: 61% (2002 est.)


      Population below poverty line: NA%


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.1%
      highest 10%: 25.6% (1996)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 34 (1999)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0.8% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 1.5 million (2001 est.)


      Labor force - by occupation: industry 30%, agriculture 20%, services 50% (1997 est.)


      Unemployment rate: 12.5% (2001 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $1.59 billion
      expenditures: $1.77 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)


      Industries: metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber


      Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2002 est.)


      Electricity - production: 14.62 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 16.5%
      hydro: 5.7%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 77.7%


      Electricity - consumption: 8.686 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 6.3 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 1.389 billion kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 4,594 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 72,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Agriculture - products: grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish


      Exports: $5.4 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Exports - commodities: mineral products 23%, textiles and clothing 16%, machinery and equipment 11%, chemicals 6%, wood and wood products 5%, foodstuffs 5% (2001)


      Exports - partners: UK 13.8%, Latvia 12.6%, Germany 12.6%, Russia 11%, Poland 6.3% (1999)


      Imports: $6.8 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Imports - commodities: mineral products 21%, machinery and equipment 17%, transport equipment 11%, chemicals 9%, textiles and clothing 9%, metals 5% (2001)


      Imports - partners: Russia 25.3%, Germany 17.2%, Poland 4.9%, Italy 4.2%, France 3.8% (1999)


      Debt - external: $5.8 billion (2002 est.)


      Economic aid - recipient: $228.5 million (1995)


      Currency: litas (LTL)


      Currency code: LTL


      Exchange rates: litai per US dollar - 3.677 (2002), 4 (2001), 4 (2000), 4 (1999), 4 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Lithuania on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lithuania Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/lithuania/lithuania_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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