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    Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography - 2003

      Location: Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

      Geographic coordinates: 41 50 N, 22 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area: total: 25,333 sq km
      water: 477 sq km
      land: 24,856 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Vermont

      Land boundaries: total: 766 km
      border countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 246 km, Serbia and Montenegro 221 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: warm, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall

      Terrain: mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Vardar River 50 m
      highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,753 m

      Natural resources: chromium, lead, zinc, manganese, tungsten, nickel, low-grade iron ore, asbestos, sulfur, timber, arable land

      Land use: arable land: 23.59%
      permanent crops: 1.85%
      other: 74.56% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 550 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: high seismic risks

      Environment - current issues: air pollution from metallurgical plants

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe

      NOTE: The information regarding Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)