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    Madagascar Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/madagascar/madagascar_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique


      Geographic coordinates: 20 00 S, 47 00 E


      Map references: Africa


      Area: total: 587,040 sq km
      water: 5,500 sq km
      land: 581,540 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Arizona


      Land boundaries: 0 km


      Coastline: 4,828 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or 100 NM from the 2,500-m deep isobath


      Climate: tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south


      Terrain: narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m


      Natural resources: graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower


      Land use: arable land: 4.41%
      permanent crops: 0.93%
      other: 94.66% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 10,900 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: periodic cyclones


      Environment - current issues: soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; several species of flora and fauna unique to the island are endangered


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


      Geography - note: world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambique Channel


      NOTE: The information regarding Madagascar on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Madagascar Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/madagascar/madagascar_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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