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    Mali Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/mali/mali_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Western Africa, southwest of Algeria


      Geographic coordinates: 17 00 N, 4 00 W


      Map references: Africa


      Area: total: 1.24 million sq km
      water: 20,000 sq km
      land: 1.22 million sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas


      Land boundaries: total: 7,243 km
      border countries: Algeria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Guinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauritania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km


      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)


      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)


      Climate: subtropical to arid; hot and dry February to June; rainy, humid, and mild June to November; cool and dry November to February


      Terrain: mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Senegal River 23 m
      highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m


      Natural resources: gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower
      note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited


      Land use: arable land: 3.77%
      permanent crops: 0.04%
      other: 96.19% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 1,380 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding


      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban


      Geography - note: landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan


      NOTE: The information regarding Mali on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mali Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/mali/mali_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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