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    Martinique Geography - 2003

      Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

      Geographic coordinates: 14 40 N, 61 00 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area: total: 1,100 sq km
      water: 40 sq km
      land: 1,060 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than six times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 350 km

      Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid

      Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Montagne Pelee 1,397 m

      Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

      Land use: arable land: 9.43%
      permanent crops: 11.32%
      other: 79.25% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: the island is dominated by Mount Pelee, which on 8 May 1902 erupted and completely destroyed the city of Saint Pierre, killing 30,000 inhabitants

      NOTE: The information regarding Martinique on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Martinique Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)