Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |Main INDEX|
  • 2003 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • DEFINITIONS


    . Feedback
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Moldova Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/moldova/moldova_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Moldova enjoys a favorable climate and good farmland but has no major mineral deposits. As a result, the economy depends heavily on agriculture, featuring fruits, vegetables, wine, and tobacco. Moldova must import all of its supplies of oil, coal, and natural gas, largely from Russia. Energy shortages contributed to sharp production declines after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. As part of an ambitious reform effort, Moldova introduced a convertible currency, freed all prices, stopped issuing preferential credits to state enterprises, backed steady land privatization, removed export controls, and freed interest rates. The government entered into agreements with the World Bank and the IMF to promote growth and reduce poverty. The economy returned to positive growth, of 2.1% in 2000 and 6.1% in 2001. Growth remained strong in 2002, in part because of the reforms and because of starting from a small base. Further reforms are in doubt because of strong political forces backing government controls. The economy remains vulnerable to higher fuel prices, poor agricultural weather, and the skepticism of foreign investors.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $11 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,500 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 28%
      industry: 23%
      services: 49% (2000)


      Population below poverty line: 80% (2001 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.2%
      highest 10%: 30.7% (1997)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 40.6 (1997)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.5% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 1.7 million (1998)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 40%, industry 14%, services 46% (1998)


      Unemployment rate: 8% (roughly 25% of working age Moldovans are employed abroad) (2002 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $536 million
      expenditures: $594 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)


      Industries: food processing, agricultural machinery, foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines, hosiery, sugar, vegetable oil, shoes, textiles


      Industrial production growth rate: 9% (2002 est.)


      Electricity - production: 3.394 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 90.6%
      hydro: 9.4%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 3.216 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 60 million kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 24,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Agriculture - products: vegetables, fruits, wine, grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, tobacco; beef, milk


      Exports: $590 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Exports - commodities: foodstuffs, textiles, machinery


      Exports - partners: Russia 43%, Ukraine 10.1%, Italy 8.1%, Germany 7.2%, Romania 6.7% (2001)


      Imports: $980 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Imports - commodities: mineral products and fuel 32%, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles (2000)


      Imports - partners: Ukraine 18%, Russia 15.1%, Romania 13.1%, Germany 10.5%, Italy 6.4% (2001)


      Debt - external: $1.3 billion (2002)


      Economic aid - recipient: $100 million (2000)


      Currency: Moldovan leu (MDL)


      Currency code: MDL


      Exchange rates: lei per US dollar - NA (2002), 12.8651 (2001), 12.4342 (2000), 10.5158 (1999), 5.3707 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Moldova on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Moldova Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -



    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/moldova/moldova_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    moldova_economy_2003