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    Netherlands Geography - 2003

      Location: Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

      Geographic coordinates: 52 30 N, 5 45 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area: total: 41,526 sq km
      water: 7,643 sq km
      land: 33,883 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

      Land boundaries: total: 1,027 km
      border countries: Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

      Coastline: 451 km

      Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

      Terrain: mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m
      highest point: Vaalserberg 322 m

      Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, arable land

      Land use: arable land: 26.53%
      other: 72.44% (1998 est.)
      permanent crops: 1.03%

      Irrigated land: 5,650 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: flooding

      Environment - current issues: water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

      Geography - note: located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)

      NOTE: The information regarding Netherlands on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Netherlands Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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