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    Netherlands Antilles Geography - 2003

      Location: Caribbean, two island groups in the Caribbean Sea - one includes Curacao and Bonaire north of Venezuela; the other is east of the Virgin Islands

      Geographic coordinates: 12 15 N, 68 45 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area: total: 960 sq km
      note: includes Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin)
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 960 sq km

      Area - comparative: more than five times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: total: 10.2 km
      border countries: Guadeloupe (Saint Martin) 10.2 km

      Coastline: 364 km

      Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds

      Terrain: generally hilly, volcanic interiors

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mount Scenery 862 m

      Natural resources: phosphates (Curacao only), salt (Bonaire only)

      Land use: arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 90% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: Curacao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened; Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from July to October

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: the five islands of the Netherlands Antilles are divided geographically into the Leeward Islands (northern) group (Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten) and the Windward Islands (southern) group (Bonaire and Curacao)

      NOTE: The information regarding Netherlands Antilles on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Netherlands Antilles Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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