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    Nigeria Geography - 2003

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

      Geographic coordinates: 10 00 N, 8 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 923,768 sq km
      water: 13,000 sq km
      land: 910,768 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries: total: 4,047 km
      border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

      Coastline: 853 km

      Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

      Terrain: southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

      Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, arable land

      Land use: arable land: 30.96%
      permanent crops: 2.79%
      other: 66.25% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 2,330 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; flooding

      Environment - current issues: soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: the Niger enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea

      NOTE: The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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