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    Panama Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/panama/panama_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Middle America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica


      Geographic coordinates: 9 00 N, 80 00 W


      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean


      Area: total: 78,200 sq km
      water: 2,210 sq km
      land: 75,990 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina


      Land boundaries: total: 555 km
      border countries: Colombia 225 km, Costa Rica 330 km


      Coastline: 2,490 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM


      Climate: tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)


      Terrain: interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Volcan de Chiriqui 3,475 m


      Natural resources: copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower


      Land use: arable land: 6.72%
      permanent crops: 2.08%
      other: 91.2% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 320 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: occasional severe storms and forest fires in the Darien area


      Environment - current issues: water pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation and soil erosion threatens siltation of Panama Canal; air pollution in urban areas; mining threatens natural resources


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation


      Geography - note: strategic location on eastern end of isthmus forming land bridge connecting North and South America; controls Panama Canal that links North Atlantic Ocean via Caribbean Sea with North Pacific Ocean


      NOTE: The information regarding Panama on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Panama Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.



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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/panama/panama_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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