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    Papua New Guinea Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/papua_new_guinea/papua_new_guinea_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia


      Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 147 00 E


      Map references: Oceania


      Area: total: 462,840 sq km
      land: 452,860 sq km
      water: 9,980 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly larger than California


      Land boundaries: total: 820 km
      border countries: Indonesia 820 km


      Coastline: 5,152 km


      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM


      Climate: tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation


      Terrain: mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m


      Natural resources: gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries


      Land use: arable land: 0.13%
      permanent crops: 1.35%
      other: 98.52% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: NA sq km


      Natural hazards: active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis


      Environment - current issues: rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol


      Geography - note: shares island of New Guinea with Indonesia; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast


      NOTE: The information regarding Papua New Guinea on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Papua New Guinea Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/papua_new_guinea/papua_new_guinea_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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