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    Puerto Rico Geography - 2003

      Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic

      Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 66 30 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area: total: 9,104 sq km
      water: 145 sq km
      land: 8,959 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 501 km

      Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain: mostly mountains, with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,338 m

      Natural resources: some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil

      Land use: arable land: 3.72%
      permanent crops: 5.07%
      other: 91.21% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 400 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; hurricanes

      Environment - current issues: erosion; occasional drought causing water shortages

      Geography - note: important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors in the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north

      NOTE: The information regarding Puerto Rico on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Puerto Rico Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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