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    Reunion Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/reunion/reunion_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: The economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, but services now dominate. Sugarcane has been the primary crop for more than a century, and in some years it accounts for 85% of exports. The government has been pushing the development of a tourist industry to relieve high unemployment, which amounts to one-third of the labor force. The gap in Reunion between the well-off and the poor is extraordinary and accounts for the persistent social tensions. The white and Indian communities are substantially better off than other segments of the population, often approaching European standards, whereas minority groups suffer the poverty and unemployment typical of the poorer nations of the African continent. The outbreak of severe rioting in February 1991 illustrates the seriousness of socioeconomic tensions. The economic well-being of Reunion depends heavily on continued financial assistance from France.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $3.6 billion (1999 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 3.8% (1999 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,800 (1999 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8%
      industry: 19%
      services: 73% (2000 est.)


      Population below poverty line: NA%


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%


      Labor force: 309,900 (2000)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 13%, industry 12%, services 75% (2000)


      Unemployment rate: 36% (1999 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $1.26 billion
      expenditures: $2.62 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998)


      Industries: sugar, rum, cigarettes, handicraft items, flower oil extraction


      Industrial production growth rate: NA%


      Electricity - production: 1.08 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 55.5%
      hydro: 44.5%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 1.005 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 18,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Agriculture - products: sugarcane, vanilla, tobacco, tropical fruits, vegetables, corn


      Exports: $214 million f.o.b. (1997)


      Exports - commodities: sugar 63%, rum and molasses 4%, perfume essences 2%, lobster 3%, (1993)


      Exports - partners: France 74%, Japan 6%, Comoros 4% (2000)


      Imports: $2.5 billion c.i.f. (1997)


      Imports - commodities: manufactured goods, food, beverages, tobacco, machinery and transportation equipment, raw materials, and petroleum products


      Imports - partners: France 64%, Bahrain 3%, Germany 3%, Italy 3% (2000)


      Debt - external: $NA


      Economic aid - recipient: $NA; note - substantial annual subsidies from France


      Currency: euro (EUR)


      Currency code: EUR


      Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.06 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Reunion on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Reunion Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/reunion/reunion_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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