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    Romania Geography - 2003

      Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine

      Geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 25 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area: total: 237,500 sq km
      land: 230,340 sq km
      water: 7,160 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries: total: 2,508 km
      border countries: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia and Montenegro 476 km, Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km

      Coastline: 225 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms

      Terrain: central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Plain of Moldavia on the east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
      highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m

      Natural resources: petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 40.57%
      permanent crops: 2.4%
      other: 57.03% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 28,800 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: earthquakes, most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides

      Environment - current issues: soil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol

      Geography - note: controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova, and Ukraine

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)