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    Russia Transportation - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/russia/russia_transportation.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Railways: total: 87,157 km
      broad gauge: 86,200 km 1.520-m gauge (40,300 km electrified)
      narrow gauge: 957 km 1.067-m gauge (on Sakhalin Island)
      note:: an additional 30,000 km of non-common carrrier lines serve industries (2002)


      Highways: total: 952,000 km
      paved: 752,000 km (including about 336,000 km of conventionally paved roads, and about 416,000 km of roads with all-weather gravel surfaces)
      unpaved: 200,000 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1998)


      Waterways: 95,900 km (total routes in general use)
      note: routes with navigation guides serving the Russian River Fleet - 95,900 km; routes with night navigational aids - 60,400 km; man-made navigable routes - 16,900 km (January 1994)


      Pipelines: crude oil 46,000 km; petroleum products 15,000 km; natural gas 152,000 km (2002)


      Ports and harbors: Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky, Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', De-Kastri, Indigirskiy, Kaliningrad, Kandalaksha, Kazan', Khabarovsk, Kholmsk, Krasnoyarsk, Lazarev, Mago, Mezen', Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Nevel'sk, Novorossiysk, Onega, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Rostov, Shakhtersk, Saint Petersburg, Sochi, Taganrog, Tuapse, Uglegorsk, Vanino, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vostochnyy, Vyborg


      Merchant marine: total: 933 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 4,495,122 GRT/5,490,103 DWT
      ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk 22, cargo 553, chemical tanker 12, combination bulk 21, combination ore/oil 36, container 30, multi-functional large-load carrier 1, passenger 38, passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker 167, refrigerated cargo 21, roll on/roll off 20, short-sea passenger 7, specialized tanker 1
      note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Belize 1, Cambodia 1, Cyprus 9, Denmark 1, Estonia 4, Greece 3, Honduras 1, Latvia 4, Lithuania 3, Moldova 3, Netherlands 1, South Korea 1, Turkey 18, Turkmenistan 2, Ukraine 10, UK 5, US 1 (2002 est.)


      Airports: 2,743 (2002)


      Airports - with paved runways: total: 471
      over 3,047 m: 56
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 178
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 76
      914 to 1,523 m: 69
      under 914 m: 92 (2002)


      Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 2,272
      over 3,047 m: 28
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 118
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 204
      914 to 1,523 m: 324
      under 914 m: 1,598 (2002)


      NOTE: The information regarding Russia on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Russia Transportation 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/russia/russia_transportation.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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