Open menu Close menu Open Search Close search Open sharebox Close sharebox
Buy a wall map at

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |Main INDEX|
  • 2003 INDEX
  • Country Ranks

    . Feedback

  • Home PageCountry Index

    Rwanda Geography - 2003

      Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 26,338 sq km
      water: 1,390 sq km
      land: 24,948 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries: total: 893 km
      border countries: Burundi 290 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 km, Tanzania 217 km, Uganda 169 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible

      Terrain: mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m
      highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m

      Natural resources: gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land

      Land use: arable land: 32.43%
      permanent crops: 10.13%
      other: 57.44% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 40 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Environment - current issues: deforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion; widespread poaching

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural

      NOTE: The information regarding Rwanda on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Rwanda Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)