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    Rwanda Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/rwanda/rwanda_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo


      Geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 30 00 E


      Map references: Africa


      Area: total: 26,338 sq km
      water: 1,390 sq km
      land: 24,948 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland


      Land boundaries: total: 893 km
      border countries: Burundi 290 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 km, Tanzania 217 km, Uganda 169 km


      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)


      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)


      Climate: temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible


      Terrain: mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m
      highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m


      Natural resources: gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land


      Land use: arable land: 32.43%
      permanent crops: 10.13%
      other: 57.44% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 40 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo


      Environment - current issues: deforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion; widespread poaching


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea


      Geography - note: landlocked; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural


      NOTE: The information regarding Rwanda on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Rwanda Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/rwanda/rwanda_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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