Sao Tome and Principe Introduction - 2003
SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
Background: Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. Although independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The first free elections were held in 1991.
NOTE: The information regarding Sao Tome and Principe on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sao Tome and Principe Introduction 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.