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    Spain Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/spain/spain_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France


      Geographic coordinates: 40 00 N, 4 00 W


      Map references: Europe


      Area: total: 504,782 sq km
      water: 5,240 sq km
      note: there are 19 autonomous communities including Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco - Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera
      land: 499,542 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Oregon


      Land boundaries: total: 1,917.8 km
      border countries: Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km


      Coastline: 4,964 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM (applies only to the Atlantic Ocean)
      territorial sea: 12 NM


      Climate: temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast


      Terrain: large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands 3,718 m


      Natural resources: coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land


      Land use: arable land: 28.6%
      permanent crops: 9.56%
      other: 61.84% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 36,400 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: periodic droughts


      Environment - current issues: pollution of the Mediterranean Sea from raw sewage and effluents from the offshore production of oil and gas; water quality and quantity nationwide; air pollution; deforestation; desertification


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification


      Geography - note: strategic location along approaches to Strait of Gibraltar


      NOTE: The information regarding Spain on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Spain Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/spain/spain_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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