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    Sri Lanka Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/sri_lanka/sri_lanka_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India


      Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 81 00 E


      Map references: Asia


      Area: total: 65,610 sq km
      water: 870 sq km
      land: 64,740 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia


      Land boundaries: 0 km


      Coastline: 1,340 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin


      Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)


      Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m


      Natural resources: limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower


      Land use: arable land: 13.43%
      permanent crops: 15.78%
      other: 70.79% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 6,510 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: occasional cyclones and tornadoes


      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching and urbanization; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste disposal; air pollution in Colombo


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation


      Geography - note: strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes


      NOTE: The information regarding Sri Lanka on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sri Lanka Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/sri_lanka/sri_lanka_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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