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    Sudan Geography - 2003

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea

      Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 30 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 2,505,810 sq km
      water: 129,810 sq km
      land: 2.376 million sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than one-quarter the size of the US

      Land boundaries: total: 7,687 km
      border countries: Central African Republic 1,165 km, Chad 1,360 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 628 km, Egypt 1,273 km, Eritrea 605 km, Ethiopia 1,606 km, Kenya 232 km, Libya 383 km, Uganda 435 km

      Coastline: 853 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 18 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November)

      Terrain: generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Red Sea 0 m
      highest point: Kinyeti 3,187 m

      Natural resources: petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 7.03%
      permanent crops: 0.08%
      other: 92.89% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 19,500 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: dust storms and periodic persistent droughts

      Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; wildlife populations threatened by excessive hunting; soil erosion; desertification; periodic drought

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: largest country in Africa; dominated by the Nile and its tributaries

      NOTE: The information regarding Sudan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sudan Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)