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    Syria Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/syria/syria_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey


      Geographic coordinates: 35 00 N, 38 00 E


      Map references: Middle East


      Area: total: 185,180 sq km
      note: includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory
      water: 1,130 sq km
      land: 184,050 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly larger than North Dakota


      Land boundaries: total: 2,253 km
      border countries: Iraq 605 km, Israel 76 km, Jordan 375 km, Lebanon 375 km, Turkey 822 km


      Coastline: 193 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 41 NM
      territorial sea: 35 NM


      Climate: mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus


      Terrain: primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: unnamed location near Lake Tiberias -200 m
      highest point: Mount Hermon 2,814 m


      Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower


      Land use: arable land: 25.96%
      permanent crops: 4.08%
      other: 69.96% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 12,130 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: dust storms, sandstorms


      Environment - current issues: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; inadequate potable water


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification


      Geography - note: there are 42 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights (February 2002 est.)


      NOTE: The information regarding Syria on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Syria Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/syria/syria_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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