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    Tajikistan Geography - 2003

      Location: Central Asia, west of China

      Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 71 00 E

      Map references: Asia

      Area: total: 143,100 sq km
      water: 400 sq km
      land: 142,700 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Wisconsin

      Land boundaries: total: 3,651 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

      Terrain: Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m
      highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m

      Natural resources: hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

      Land use: arable land: 5.41%
      permanent crops: 0.92%
      other: 93.67% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 7,200 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: earthquakes and floods

      Environment - current issues: inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range in the north and the Pamirs in the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain in the former USSR

      NOTE: The information regarding Tajikistan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tajikistan Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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