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    Togo Geography - 2003

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana

      Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 1 10 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 56,785 sq km
      water: 2,400 sq km
      land: 54,385 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries: total: 1,647 km
      border countries: Benin 644 km, Burkina Faso 126 km, Ghana 877 km

      Coastline: 56 km

      Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 30 NM

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

      Terrain: gently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Agou 986 m

      Natural resources: phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land

      Land use: arable land: 41.37%
      permanent crops: 1.84%
      other: 56.79% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 70 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: deforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; water pollution presents health hazards and hinders the fishing industry; air pollution increasing in urban areas

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: the country's length allows it to stretch through six distinct geographic regions; climate varies from tropical to savanna

      NOTE: The information regarding Togo on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Togo Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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