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    Tunisia Geography - 2003

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

      Geographic coordinates: 34 00 N, 9 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 163,610 sq km
      water: 8,250 sq km
      land: 155,360 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Georgia

      Land boundaries: total: 1,424 km
      border countries: Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km

      Coastline: 1,148 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

      Terrain: mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
      highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt

      Land use: arable land: 18.67%
      permanent crops: 12.87%
      other: 68.46% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 3,800 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: strategic location in central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration

      NOTE: The information regarding Tunisia on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tunisia Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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