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    Venezuela Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/venezuela/venezuela_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana


      Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 66 00 W


      Map references: South America


      Area: total: 912,050 sq km
      land: 882,050 sq km
      water: 30,000 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of California


      Land boundaries: total: 4,993 km
      border countries: Brazil 2,200 km, Colombia 2,050 km, Guyana 743 km


      Coastline: 2,800 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 15 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands


      Terrain: Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Pico Bolivar (La Columna) 5,007 m


      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds


      Land use: arable land: 2.99%
      permanent crops: 0.96%
      other: 96.05% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 540 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: subject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts


      Environment - current issues: sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast; threat to the rainforest ecosystem from irresponsible mining operations


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping


      Geography - note: on major sea and air routes linking North and South America; Angel Falls in the Guiana Highlands is the world's highest waterfall


      NOTE: The information regarding Venezuela on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Venezuela Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/venezuela/venezuela_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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