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    Zambia Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/zambia/zambia_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Despite progress in privatization and budgetary reform, Zambia's economic growth remains below the 5% to 7% necessary to reduce poverty significantly. Privatization of government-owned copper mines relieved the government from covering mammoth losses generated by the industry and greatly improved the chances for copper mining to return to profitability and spur economic growth. However, low mineral prices have slowed the benefits of privatizing the mines and have reduced incentives for further private investment in the sector. Cooperation continues with international bodies on programs to reduce poverty.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $8.9 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 4.2% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $890 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 22%
      industry: 26%
      services: 52% (2001)


      Population below poverty line: 86% (1993)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.1%
      highest 10%: 41% (1998)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 52.6 (1998)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 21% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 4.29 million (2000)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 85%, industry 6%, services 9%


      Unemployment rate: 50% (2000 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $1.2 billion
      expenditures: $1.25 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)


      Industries: copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture


      Industrial production growth rate: 5.1% (2001 est.)


      Electricity - production: 7.751 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 0.5%
      hydro: 99.5%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 5.458 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 1.75 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 11,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Agriculture - products: corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca); cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides; coffee


      Exports: $709 million f.o.b. (2001)


      Exports - commodities: copper 55%, cobalt, electricity, tobacco, flowers, cotton


      Exports - partners: South Africa 25.5%, Switzerland 9.2%, Malawi 7.8%, Thailand 7.7% (2001)


      Imports: $1.123 billion f.o.b. (2001)


      Imports - commodities: machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing


      Imports - partners: South Africa 65.1%, Zimbabwe 6.5%, UK 3.2%, Tanzania 2.9%, US (2001)


      Debt - external: $5.8 billion (2001)


      Economic aid - recipient: $651 million (2000 est.)


      Currency: Zambian kwacha (ZMK)


      Currency code: ZMK


      Exchange rates: Zambian kwacha per US dollar - NA (2002), 3,610.93 (2001), 3,110.84 (2000), 2,388.02 (1999), 1,862.07 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Zambia on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zambia Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/zambia/zambia_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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