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    Albania Index 2006

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    Albania Geography - 2006

      Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece and Serbia and Montenegro

      Geographic coordinates:
      41 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 28,748 sq km
      land: 27,398 sq km
      water: 1,350 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      total: 720 km
      border countries: Greece 282 km, Macedonia 151 km, Serbia and Montenegro 287 km

      362 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

      mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

      mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,764 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 20.1%
      permanent crops: 4.21%
      other: 75.69% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      3,530 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

      NOTE: The information regarding Albania on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Albania Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Albania Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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