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    Azerbaijan Index 2006

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    Azerbaijan Geography - 2006

      Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range

      Geographic coordinates:
      40 30 N, 47 30 E

      Map references:

      total: 86,600 sq km
      land: 86,100 sq km
      water: 500 sq km
      note: includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Maine

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,013 km
      border countries: Armenia (with Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 179 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km

      0 km (landlocked); note - Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (800 km est.)

      Maritime claims:
      none (landlocked)

      dry, semiarid steppe

      large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
      highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina

      Land use:
      arable land: 20.62%
      permanent crops: 2.61%
      other: 76.77% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      14,550 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, soil, and water pollution; soil pollution results from oil spills, from the use of DDT as a pesticide, and from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      both the main area of the country and the Naxcivan exclave are landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Azerbaijan on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Azerbaijan Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Azerbaijan Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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