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    British Indian Ocean Territory Index 2006

    British Indian Ocean Territory Main Index

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    British Indian Ocean Territory Geography - 2006

      archipelago in the Indian Ocean, south of India, about one-half the way from Africa to Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates:
      6 00 S, 71 30 E; note - Diego Garcia 7 20 S, 72 25 E

      Map references:
      Political Map of the World

      total: 54,400 sq km
      land: 60 sq km; Diego Garcia 44 sq km
      water: 54,340 sq km
      note: includes the entire Chagos Archipelago of 55 islands

      Area - comparative:
      land area is about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      698 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 3 nm
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

      tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds

      flat and low (most areas do not exceed two meters in elevation)

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Diego Garcia 15 m

      Natural resources:
      coconuts, fish, sugarcane

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      0 sq km

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:

      Geography - note:
      archipelago of 55 islands; Diego Garcia, largest and southernmost island, occupies strategic location in central Indian Ocean; island is site of joint US-UK military facility

      NOTE: The information regarding British Indian Ocean Territory on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)