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    China Index 2006

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    China Geography - 2006

      Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

      Geographic coordinates:
      35 00 N, 105 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 9,596,960 sq km
      land: 9,326,410 sq km
      water: 270,550 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than the US

      Land boundaries:
      total: 22,117 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km
      regional borders: Hong Kong 30 km, Macau 0.34 km

      14,500 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

      extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

      mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Turpan Pendi -154 m
      highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m

      Natural resources:
      coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)

      Land use:
      arable land: 14.86%
      permanent crops: 1.27%
      other: 83.87% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      545,960 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts); damaging floods; tsunamis; earthquakes; droughts; land subsidence

      Environment - current issues:
      air pollution (greenhouse gases, sulfur dioxide particulates) from reliance on coal produces acid rain; water shortages, particularly in the north; water pollution from untreated wastes; deforestation; estimated loss of one-fifth of agricultural land since 1949 to soil erosion and economic development; desertification; trade in endangered species

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      world's fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US); Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world's tallest peak

      NOTE: The information regarding China on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of China Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about China Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)