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    European Union Index 2006

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    European Union Geography - 2006

      Europe between Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, southeastern Europe, and the North Atlantic Ocean

      Map references:

      total: 3,976,372 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      less than one-half the size of the US

      Land boundaries:
      total: 11,214.8 km
      border countries: Albania 282 km, Andorra 120.3 km, Belarus 1,050 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Croatia 999 km, Holy See 3.2 km, Liechtenstein 34.9 km, Macedonia 246 km, Monaco 4.4 km, Norway 2,348 km, Romania 443 km, Russia 2,257 km, San Marino 39 km, Serbia and Montenegro 151 km, Switzerland 1,811 km, Turkey 206 km, Ukraine 726 km
      note: data for European Continent only

      65,413.9 km

      Maritime claims:

      cold temperate; potentially subarctic in the north to temperate; mild wet winters; hot dry summers in the south

      fairly flat along the Baltic and Atlantic coast; mountainous in the central and southern areas

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Lammefjord, Denmark -7 m; Zuidplaspolder, Netherlands -7 m
      highest point: Mont Blanc 4,807 m; note - situated on the border between France and Italy

      Natural resources:
      iron ore, arable land, natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, lead, zinc, hydropower, uranium, potash, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: NA
      permanent crops: NA
      other: NA

      Irrigated land:
      131,250 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      flooding along coasts; avalanches in mountainous area; earthquakes in the south; volcanic eruptions in Italy; periodic droughts in Spain; ice floes in the Baltic

      Environment - current issues:

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 82, Tropical Timber 94
      signed but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds

      NOTE: The information regarding European Union on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of European Union Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about European Union Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)