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    Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Index 2006

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    Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography - 2006

      Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina

      Geographic coordinates:
      51 45 S, 59 00 W

      Map references:
      South America

      total: 12,173 sq km
      land: 12,173 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Connecticut

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      1,288 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

      cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; average annual rainfall is 24 inches in Stanley; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate

      rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m

      Natural resources:
      fish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (99% permanent pastures, 1% other) (2005)

      Irrigated land:

      Natural hazards:
      strong winds persist throughout the year

      Environment - current issues:
      overfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem; reindeer were introduced to the islands in 2001 for commercial reasons; this is the only commercial reindeer herd in the world unaffected by the Chornobyl disaster

      Geography - note:
      deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season

      NOTE: The information regarding Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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