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    Georgia Index 2006

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    Georgia Government - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/georgia/georgia_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Georgia
      local long form: none
      local short form: Sak'art'velo
      former: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

      Government type:
      republic

      Capital:
      T'bilisi

      Administrative divisions:
      9 regions (mkharebi, singular - mkhare), 9 cities (k'alak'ebi, singular - k'alak'i), and 2 autonomous republics (avtomnoy respubliki, singular - avtom respublika)
      regions: Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo and Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Shida Kartli
      cities: Chiat'ura, Gori, K'ut'aisi, P'ot'i, Rust'avi, T'bilisi, Tqibuli, Tsqaltubo, Zugdidi
      autonomous republics: Abkhazia or Ap'khazet'is Avtonomiuri Respublika (Sokhumi), Ajaria or Acharis Avtonomiuri Respublika (Bat'umi)
      note: the administrative centers of the two autonomous republics are shown in parentheses

      Independence:
      9 April 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 26 May (1918); note - 26 May 1918 is the date of independence from Soviet Russia, 9 April 1991 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union

      Constitution:
      adopted 24 August 1995

      Legal system:
      based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Mikheil SAAKASHVILI (since 25 January 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government for the power ministries: state security (includes interior) and defense
      head of government: President Mikheil SAAKASHVILI (since 25 January 2004); Prime Minister Zurab NOGHAIDELI (since 17 February 2005); note - the president is the chief of state and head of government for the power ministries: state security (includes interior) and defense; the prime minister is head of the remaining ministries of government
      cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 4 January 2004 (next to be held in 2009)
      election results: Mikheil SAAKASHVILI elected president; percent of vote - Mikheil SAAKASHVILI 96.3%, Temur SHASHIASHVILI 1.9%

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Supreme Council (commonly referred to as Parliament) or Umaghiesi Sabcho (235 seats - 150 elected by party lists); members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 28 March 2004 (next to be held spring 2008)
      election results: percent of vote by party - National Movement-Democratic Front 67.6%, Rightist Opposition 7.6%, all other parties received less than 7% each; seats by party - National Movement-Democratic Front 135, Rightist Opposition 15

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (judges elected by the Supreme Council on the president's or chairman of the Supreme Court's recommendation); Constitutional Court; first and second instance courts

      Political parties and leaders:
      Burjanadze-Democrats [Nino BURJANADZE]; Georgian People's Front [Nodar NATADZE]; Georgian United Communist Party or UCPG [Panteleimon GIORGADZE]; Greens [Giorgi GACHECHILADZE]; Industry Will Save Georgia (Industrialists) or IWSG [Georgi TOPADZE]; Labor Party [Shalva NATELASHVILI]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Bachuki KARDAVA]; National Movement Democratic Front [Mikheil SAAKASHVILI] bloc composed of National Movement and Burjanadze-Democrats; National Movement [Mikheil SAAKASHVILI]; New Rights [David GAMKRELIDZE]; Republican Party [David USUPASHVILI]; Rightist Opposition [David GAMKRELIDZE] bloc composed of Industrialists and New Right Party; Socialist Party or SPG [Irakli MINDELI]; Traditionalists [Akaki ASATIANI]; Union of National Forces-Conservatives [Koba DAVITASHVILI and Zviad DZIDZIGURI]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      Georgian independent deputies from Abkhaz government in exile; separatists in the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia; supporters of former President Zviad GAMSAKHURDYA ousted in 1991

      International organization participation:
      ACCT (observer), BSEC, CE, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITU, MIGA, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Vasil SIKHARULIDZE
      chancery: Suite 602, 1101 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005
      telephone: [1] (202) 387-2390
      FAX: [1] (202) 393-4537

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador John F. TEFFT
      embassy: 11 George Balanchine St., T'bilisi 0131
      mailing address: 7060 Tbilisi Place, Washington, DC 20521-7060
      telephone: [995] (32) 27-70-00
      FAX: [995] (32) 53-23-10

      Flag description:
      white rectangle, in its central portion a red cross connecting all four sides of the flag; in each of the four corners is a small red bolnur-katskhuri cross; the five-cross flag appears to date back to the 14th century


      NOTE: The information regarding Georgia on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Georgia Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Georgia Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/georgia/georgia_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR060106