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    Hungary Index 2006

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    Hungary Government - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/hungary/hungary_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Hungary
      conventional short form: Hungary
      local long form: Magyar Koztarsasag
      local short form: Magyarorszag

      Government type:
      parliamentary democracy

      Capital:
      Budapest

      Administrative divisions:
      19 counties (megyek, singular - megye), 20 urban counties (singular - megyei varos), and 1 capital city (fovaros)
      counties: Bacs-Kiskun, Baranya, Bekes, Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen, Csongrad, Fejer, Gyor-Moson-Sopron, Hajdu-Bihar, Heves, Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok, Komarom-Esztergom, Nograd, Pest, Somogy, Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg, Tolna, Vas, Veszprem, Zala
      urban counties: Bekescsaba, Debrecen, Dunaujvaros, Eger, Gyor, Hodmezovasarhely, Kaposvar, Kecskemet, Miskolc, Nagykanizsa, Nyiregyhaza, Pecs, Sopron, Szeged, Szekesfehervar, Szolnok, Szombathely, Tatabanya, Veszprem, Zalaegerszeg
      capital city: Budapest

      Independence:
      1001 (unification by King Stephen I)

      National holiday:
      Saint Stephen's Day, 20 August

      Constitution:
      18 August 1949, effective 20 August 1949; revised 19 April 1972; 18 October 1989 revision ensured legal rights for individuals and constitutional checks on the authority of the prime minister and also established the principle of parliamentary oversight; 1997 amendment streamlined the judicial system

      Legal system:
      rule of law based on Western model; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Laszlo SOLYOM (since 5 August 2005)
      head of government: Prime Minister Ferenc GYURCSANY (since 29 September 2004)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president
      elections: president elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 6-7 June 2005 (next to be held by June 2010); prime minister elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president; election last held 29 September 2004
      election results: Laszlo SOLYOM elected president by a simple majority in the third round of voting, 185 to 182; Ferenc GYURCSANY elected prime minister; result of legislative vote - 197 to 12
      note: to be elected, the president must win two-thirds of legislative vote in the first two rounds or a simple majority in the third round

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral National Assembly or Orszaggyules (386 seats; members are elected by popular vote under a system of proportional and direct representation to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 9 and 23 April 2006 (next to be held April 2010)
      election results: percent of vote by party (5% or more of the vote required for parliamentary representation in the first round) - MSzP 43.2%, Fidesz 42%, SzDSz 6.5%, MDF 5%, other 3.3%; seats by party - MSzP 190, Fidesz 164, SzDSz 20, MDF 11, independent 1

      Judicial branch:
      Constitutional Court (judges are elected by the National Assembly for nine-year terms)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Alliance of Free Democrats or SzDSz [Gabor KUNCZE]; Hungarian Civic Alliance or Fidesz [Viktor ORBAN, chairman]; Hungarian Democratic Forum or MDF [Ibolya DAVID]; Hungarian Socialist Party or MSzP [Istvan HILLER, chairman]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      NA

      International organization participation:
      ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BIS, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ESA (cooperating state), EU (new member), FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECI, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Andras SIMONYI
      chancery: 3910 Shoemaker Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 362-6730
      FAX: [1] (202) 966-8135
      consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador George Herbert WALKER
      embassy: Szabadsag ter 12, H-1054 Budapest
      mailing address: pouch: American Embassy Budapest, 5270 Budapest Place, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-5270
      telephone: [36] (1) 475-4400
      FAX: [36] (1) 475-4764

      Flag description:
      three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green


      NOTE: The information regarding Hungary on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Hungary Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Hungary Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/hungary/hungary_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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